Tax planning is a legal way of reducing your tax liabilities in a year. It will help you to utilize the tax exemptions, deductions, and benefits in the best possible way for minimizing your tax burden. However, it should be done in a legal manner.
Tax planning is the process of analysing a financial plan or a situation from a tax perspective. The objective of tax planning is to make sure there is tax efficiency.
With the help of tax planning, one can ensure that all elements of a financial plan can function together with maximum tax-efficiency. Tax planning is a significant component of a financial plan. Reducing tax liability and increasing the ability to make contributions towards retirement plans are critical for success.
Tax saving practices include tax avoidance, tax evasion and tax planning. Out of these tax planning is the only legal manner of reducing your tax liabilities. The government offers the different opportunities to save on taxes with the intention of reducing tax burden on a taxpayer through legal income tax planning methods.
Tax planning plays an important role in the financial growth story of every individual as tax payments are compulsory for all individuals who fall under the IT bracket. With tax planning, one will be able to streamline his/her tax payments such that he or she will receive considerable returns over a specific period of time involving minimum risk. Also, effective tax planning will help in reducing a person’s tax liability.
There are various sections in Income Tax Act, 1961, under which an individual tax payer can claim exemption, deductions and benefits. Some of the common ones for tax planning include Sec 80EE for interest on Housing Loan, Sec 80D for premium paid on mediclaim, Sec 80E for interest paid on Education Loan, etc. Amongst these, Sec 80C is the most popular offering plethora of tax saving investment options.
With various tax saving options on offer under Sec 80C, ELSS mutual funds is one which takes the cake as per financial pundits for two major reasons:
Being market linked, ELSS are high on risk parameter however; they have the potential to offer impressive returns.
The main objective of any investment is wealth creation. Mutual funds are efficient financial products that aid this objective through capital appreciation. Like all other investments, gains from mutual funds are taxable.
The tax you incur on mutual funds is based on the type of asset the fund focuses on and the holding period of your investment. However, a special kind of mutual fund–the equity-linked savings scheme or ELSS fund – can help you save taxes. ELSS mutual funds, though primarily invested in the stock market, are tax saving mutual funds. What sets ELSS apart from other equity oriented funds is the minimum lock-in period of three years.
The duration for which you hold on to your mutual fund investment is called the holding period. Short-term investments attract a tax rate different from long-term investments.
|Asset type||Details||Short-term capital gains||Long-term capital gains|
|Equity funds Arbitrage funds Balanced funds (65%+ in domestic equity shares)||Holding Period||Up to 12 months||Over 12 months|
|Debt funds International funds Fund of funds||Holding Period||Up to 36 months||Over 36 months|
|Tax Rate||Income Tax Slab Rate||20% after indexation|